5 Key Terms of an Asset – Based Line of Credit

Short-term working capital financing is most commonly facilitated with an asset-based line of credit. As its name suggests, the loan is secured by an asset in the business – usually accounts receivable. If you ever consider using this type of a vehicle in your business, here are the 5 most critical terms you should understand and know how to negotiate.

ASSET

What is the asset that will be securing the line? These loans are normally tied to current assets like accounts receivable and inventory, but they can also be secured by equipment and even intangible assets like intellectual property and goodwill.

If we default on our payment of the obligation, the lender will have the right to seize ownership of the asset. Banks and lenders do not want to have to do this and they will be the first to admit that they are not structured or equipped to effectively liquidate such assets. These assets are usually very valuable to the business which makes payments on the line of credit a top priority for most businesses.

BORROWING BASE REQUIREMENTS

Assuming the asset is the accounts receivable of the business, the lender usually sets limits and conditions on the amount of the receivables that can be included in the borrowing base. The two most commonly used limitations are past due accounts and customer over-concentration.

The lender will often only allow current receivables in the borrowing base. This is often set as all receivables less than 60 days old or only receivables less than 60 days past due. Lenders will often limit the percentage of the total receivables that one customer can hold. This is usually set at no more than 20% of the total eligible borrowing base. For example, if we have total receivables of $1,000,000 and they are all current (very unlikely in this economy), no single customer can account for more than $200,000 of the total receivables. If they do, then all amounts over $200,000 are excluded from the borrowing base.

Once the total borrowing base is established, the lender will then often only allow a certain percentage of those assets as the final base. On accounts receivable, this percentage usually ranges from 60-80%. As an additional note, borrowers are usually required to report on the status of the borrowing base on a monthly or more frequent basis.

So, how does all of this work. Here is a basic example: let’s assume the lender allows us to borrow a maximum of $100,000 against 75% of our eligible receivables. The lender excludes all receivables over 90 days old and has no limit on customer concentration. Our total accounts receivable is $150,000, but $50,000 is over 90 days past due and we are about to write it off as bad debt. This means our eligible AR is $100,000, which means our borrowing base is actually only $75,000 ($100k AR times 75% of eligible AR).

MAXIMUM

This is very simply the maximum amount the lender is willing to lend on the line of credit, regardless of the value of your borrowing base. Most lenders set this amount by looking at their secondary sources of repayment, which are usually the financial strength of the owner(s) and/or the equity in un-related assets (like their home). These are often secured with a personal guarantee.

FEES

Each bank structures its fees a little differently, and it is important to understand these so that we can make an “apples-to-apples” comparison on costs. Most lenders assess an origination fee of between.5-1.5%. In addition, they will often charge document and other fees. We have also seen banks require borrowers to pay an independent third-party to verify and validate the assets in to be secured. We recommend receiving proposals from more than one bank and then comparing the total cost proposal from each potential lender to understand which may present the best deal for you.

INTEREST RATE & FLOOR

When you establish your borrowing base and you draw on the line, interest will begin to accrue. Most banks are setting the interest rate on these lines at prime plus 1.5-2.0%. Prime is currently at 3.25%, so that would equate to an interest rate of 4.75-5.25%. Because these rates have dropped so low, most banks have instituted a floor, or a rate below which they will not drop. Interestingly, those floors are being set at 6.5-7.0% in this market.

CONCLUSION

Asset-based lines of credit are an affordable and effective way to finance the peaks and valley in working capital. As a word of caution, most require a personal guarantee from all owners of 20% or more of the business. We recommend you seek legal counsel before agreeing to personally guarantee the debt, especially if the guarantee is unlimited – which means each partner can be held responsible for 100% of the obligation personally.

Top 5 Benefits Annuities Can Bring Except The Lifetime Income

Earning a consistent income in their retirement life is a major concern for the seniors approaching their retirement and many of them invest in different annuity insurance plans. These annuities help the insured to receive a guaranteed income for life protects from the fear of outliving their savings. Also, if a senior couple hasn’t saved enough or doesn’t have someone to support after their retirement, these policies help greatly to take care of their daily expenses and maintain a better lifestyle. However, the majority of seniors isn’t aware of all the benefits an annuity can bring. Most of them buy an annuity solely to receive a guaranteed income in their retirement life but the annuities have a lot to offer. Here, we are going to explain five more benefits of a retirement annuity plan that you might not be knowing.

Benefit to your loved ones

At times, seniors pay a long series of premiums to earn them back during their retirement but die at an early age without receiving the complete benefits. Many seniors die soon after their retirement and insurance providers keep their share of investment with themselves. But, the new additional feature allows transferring the benefits to the beneficiaries, if the insured dies early. Along with the immediate annuity plan, you can choose a guaranteed period of 10-20 years that are calculated since the time you start receiving the payments. If you opt for a 20-year guaranteed period with the annuities, your insurer will provide a series of payments for exact 20 years. You can name your spouse or kids as the beneficiary and they will receive the benefits for rest of the period, in case you die early.

Tax deferral on earnings

Most of the investments are applicable for state and federal taxes, but the investments such as interests, annuities, dividends and capital gains earn a tax-deferred status. These investments are tax-free until you withdraw the accumulated amount. The tax-deferral is similar to 401(k)s and IRAs, but there isn’t any limit on the amount and you can put any amount into the annuities that you assume enough to spend your retirement comfortably. Moreover, the minimum withdrawal criteria have more flexibility than that of to 401(k)s and IRAs.

Tax-free investment transfers

Market performs differently at a different time and an investment performing strong today may perform poorly after a certain period. Hence, investors keep transferring their investment amount form one to another fund and there are financial advisors to help with the same. Usually, these investment transfers or rebalancing are applicable for taxes but the annuity retirement plan has no such tax consequences. That means, you can rebalance your investments as per your financial advisor’s suggestion and you won’t have to pay any taxes on that.

Protection from lenders

People take different types of loans to match a better lifestyle and pay the due amount in installments. At times, people reach a stage where they only have the money enough to take care of their fundamental requirements and aren’t able to pay the loan installments. In such cases, if the lender files a lawsuit, they may lose the return on the investments made. Annuities insurance policies also help protect your investment return even if you can’t make the installments. Usually, the premiums you have made to your insurance provider, belongs to them and there are laws that restrict that money to be accessed by the lenders.

Variety of investment options

Insurers help the investors with a range of annuity options at retirement including the fixed and variable one. The first one credits a certain rate of interest on the amount you deposit while with the later, your money is invested in the stock or bonds like mutual funds and provide a return based on the market performance. Also, various insurance providers have introduced different types of floors that set a limit by which your investment value may not fall further. That means, if you have invested in a variable annuity, you return won’t fall below a certain value, despite the fluctuations in the market.

The Benefits Of Trading The Commodity Market

Like trading in the Stock market, trading in the commodity market is also very interesting. While one trades on the basis of Stock Cash Tips in the stock market, the trader can trade on the basis of commodity tips in the commodity market. ProfitAim Research is one such advisory firm, which provide both the best Stock Cash tips as well as commodity tips to the traders.
Commodity market seems to be a lucrative avenue to a lot of traders and Investors. In the Commodity market various commodities are traded and one can take benefit of the price fluctuations to trade effectively in the commodity market. Various commodities are listed on the Commodity exchange and the relative prices of various commodities are traded on the exchange. There are various benefits of the Commodity trading like a trader can make huge profits by trying to forecast the Commodity signals. The most important part of the Commodity trading is to anticipate the Commodity trading signals.
Scalping: Intraday Trading Strategy For Commodity Market
One of the important benefits of the Commodity market is that the trader can form a strategy and trade on the basis of it. The Intraday strategies like First hour strategy or scalping techniques can be followed to earn good profits from the trades. Scalping is a technique to look at the price range during the first hour of trade and then look for a breakout from this range. Thus, if the prices break from the high it’s a buy call and a rise in the prices is anticipated. On the other hand, if a breakout from the lower limit of range is observed a down trend is anticipated. Thus, scalping is an important strategy in achieving good profits from the Commodity markets.
Also, there are other strategies available like trading for small profits. In this case small changes in the Commodity signals are generally traded for the profits. Also, a large number of trades are executed to add up to large profits, this will be applicable in Stock cash tips as well. The Commodity trading signals are unassuming but still with a proper plan and a proper strategy good profits can be made through Commodity markets. The trader can also base their trade based on the advice from the advisory firms who provide free Commodity signals initially and then charge a nominal amount for their services. Thus, the Commodity trading is beneficial if done with proper planning and strategy.
Trading based on the Charts
Trading in the stock or commodity market is an art difficult to master. People use various methods and strategies to trade in the stock markets. Trading based on the charts is one of the ways out of them. Various types of charts exist like Candle Stick charts and line charts. These charts can be plotted with varying time scale. The price movement depicted by chart can be an important way of forecasting future prices.
Thus, one can trade on the basis of charts and by applying suitable indicators of the technical analysis, one can anticipate the price movement. Trading on the basis of intraday Stock Cash Tips is the other way of trading.